There are countless reasons to holiday in the province of Grosseto. First, for its scenic landscape, the natural beauty of the coastal areas, and for the high gastronomic quality of the area.
Moreover, there are several reasons to decide to go on holiday specifically in Castiglione della Pescaia, an important seaside and touristic destination in the Tuscan’s Maremma.
The most important thing to know is that this town is located on the Natural Reserve of Diaccia Botrona, a marshy flat area that has undergone significant remediation from the second half of the sixteenth century. This was in an effort to eradicate malaria for which Casa Rossa Ximenes became famous.
Nowadays, in this natural area there are wintering and nesting species of birds easily observable during their migrations. In the hilly area called Clodia island, lies archaeological pieces from Roman origin that are a stop during part of a guided tour circuit of the province of Grosseto and Castiglione della Pescaia.
You can punctuate your holiday by visiting places of historical and cultural interest for relevant architectural merit. Some more specific examples include: the military structures, castles, fortresses or walled enclosures, religious buildings such as churches, monasteries, convents, and civil buildings such as palaces, aqueducts, mills and bridges.
Take some time to visit Casa Rossa Ximenes, named after the engineer who designed it to control the flow of water in the Diaccia Botrona area on behalf of the Grand Dukes of Lorraine. Its name is without doubt due to the color of the materials with which it was built and its external finishes.
La Casa Rossa Ximenes.
The building consists of an interesting and distinct floor plan in the three buildings. The main building is composed of two levels and two sides, he second level flanking the main one.
The architecture that bases its strength on the structure of the underlying arches is made of solid bricks and travertine. It was built during the 18Th Century to direct the waters of the area to the Tyrrhenian Sea.
The hydraulic system, designed by Ximenes, is closed and has a system of emerging windows and bulkheads. In addition to the convoy function, the gears were made to control the flow of water between the winters. Ensuring, in this way, the continuity of fish throughout the year.
The connection between the marshy area surrounding the entire town and the building itself is through a bridge made up of five rows of arches grafted to the first level of the main building of the house.
The multimedia museum
Inside the Casa Ximenes, there is a multimedia museum that serves as a point of observation of reserve’s vegetation and animal life. The observation is carried out with the aid of three cameras that rotate on themselves and provide views with analysis for particular areas of interest of the reserve.
Also digital and experienced guides recount the stories about this real-time method of documentation.